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iPod COOL Energy: Bike to the Future?

March 24th, 2007 · 4 Comments

Since diving into the deep end when it comes to energy issues, almost every day sees new fascinating concepts, approaches, and technologies.  Fascinating … exciting … even hope inspiring at times.  And, as well, as the passion builds, so many of these are truly ‘iPod Cool’.  

This is the fourth of a new series, iPod COOL energy, where we can share some of the exciting things that are going on in the energy world.  Today’s forcus, an innovative business model for improving city transportation and getting people into bicycles …

One of the world’s largest advertising firm, JC Decaux, has developed a new approach to increasing bicycle use in major cities. Cyclocity is spreading like wildfire.

Introduced in Lyon in May 2005, Cycocity is now deployed in many cities through Europe (Brussels (note: French Wikipedia on Brussels program), Vienna, and Cordoba and Giron).  Cities from London to Sydney are talking about adopting Cyclocity.  And, Cyclocity is heading to Paris:

On July 15, the day after Bastille Day, Parisians will wake up to discover thousands of low-cost rental bikes at hundreds of high-tech bicycle stations scattered throughout the city, an ambitious program to cut traffic, reduce pollution, improve parking and enhance the city’s image as a greener, quieter, more relaxed place.

By the end of the year, organizers and city officials say, there should be 20,600 bikes at 1,450 stations — or about one station every 250 yards across the entire city.

A number of features make this system innovative and contribute to its success … and what looks likely to be explosive growth.

The set up gets around one of the classic challenges of doing Energy Smart decisions: the difference between cost to buy (the purchase price) and the cost to own (purchase price plus operating cost).  For example, home appraisers pay little attention to energy efficiency investments that reduce annual utility costs which lowers their value in the mortgage/real estate market even though this can have a major impact on the cost of actually owning that home. This is a problem for governments around the world (okay, maybe not Abu Dhabi …): difficult choices as to investment resources.  

In this case, the private firm is responsible for 100% of the capital expenditure, upfront costs — from bicycles to the metering to sign out and return bicycles. And, the city receives 100% of the annual revenue from bike rentals and a fee from the company. In exchange, JC Decaux gains control over advertising spaces.

The company will pay start-up costs of about $115 million and employ the equivalent of about 285 people full time to operate the system and repair the bikes for 10 years.

(Note, if you’re in Paris and looking for a job, maybe you want to check out Cyclocity’s jobs notice (warning pdf).)

All revenue from the program will go to the city, and the company will also pay Paris a fee of about $4.3 million a year.
In exchange, Paris is giving the company exclusive control over 1,628 city-owned billboards, including the revenue from them, for the same period. About half the billboard space will be given back to the city at no cost for public-interest advertising.

So, roughly for the profits from 814 Paris billboards, there will be 20,000 bicycles available in the city and the Paris government will receive $4.3 million per year plus all revenues from bike rentals.  Hmmm … that is starting to sound it might be a reasonably good deal for the taxpayer, the citizen, the environment and, well, private business as well.

The system is designed to both encourage use and to keep the bicycles in service. For example, the bicycles are quite sturdy — roughly 1000 Euros ($1300) each (and that is buying 1000s per year).  They also have some form of GPS system attached to them, which enables tracking location.

But, the key path is through the fee structure.  First, all users have to sign up for the program and have a several hundred dollar deposit to be able to rent out a bike.  (Which is done with a credit-card or membership card at automated tellers at the smart bike racks.)

And, once you have a bike in hand, you’re incentivized to pedal away.  The first 30 minutes is free, then a small charge for the next 30 minutes, and so on …

In Paris, for instance, renting a bike will be free for the first 30 minutes, $1.30 for the next 30 minutes, $2.60 for the third half-hour, and $5.20 for the fourth half-hour of use and every 30 minutes after that

There are frequent users (many times per day) who go the entire year without paying anything for a bike ride, as all their trips fall within that 30 minute window.

So, does this approach have an impact?  Is it meaningful? As per reporting in The Washington Post, Paris Embraces Plan to Become City of Bikes:

In Lyon, according to deputy mayor Touraine, the city’s 3,000 rental bikes have logged about 10 million miles since the program started in May 2005, saving an estimated 3,000 tons of carbon dioxide from being spewed into the air. Overall, vehicle traffic in the city is down 4 percent, he said, and bicycle use has tripled, not just on account of Cyclocity, but also because the program has prompted a boom in private bicycle use and sales.

Note, this is a 3000 bicycle program — 15% per cent of the size of the coming Paris program. And, well, this is looking iPod COOL Energy to me.

  • Reduced pollution
  • Reduced traffic (which, by the way, further reduces pollution through less gridlock)
  • Implementable quickly
  • Acceptable to the “no tax” crowd — especially due to the public-private partnership

And, well, probably at least some healthier people getting more exercise while they move around.

The users biggest complaint: that ‘one-way’ commuting can overwhelm the bike racks (think a University building at 10 am …) and make it harder to “return” a bicycle at the destination.

I will take that complaint … but have only one serious question:

  • Which American city will be the first US Cyclocity?  
  • Okay, a second … and when????
  • Okay, and third:  Is this part of the path to Energize America, prepare for Peak Oil, and reduce Global Warming impacts? 

Notes

Tags: bicycles · cities · clean emissions · eco-friendly · energy efficiency · environmental

4 responses so far ↓

  • 1 Steve Caratzas // Mar 25, 2007 at 1:13 pm

    What an amazing and important idea.

    I’d love to see new York City be the first place in America to give this a try.

    As is, bicycling in the Big Apple is fairly common, though it is generally acknowledged as an unsafe undertaking. Combining Cyclocity with the limitation of the number of motor vehicles allowed in New York (buses, cabs, etc.) would be ideal.

  • 2 Cities of Bikes « Energy Smart // Aug 23, 2007 at 2:10 pm

    [...] Notes:   See A Siegel’s earlier diary, Energy COOL 4: Bike to the Future???? [...]

  • 3 Energy COOL: Shared Electric Cars « Energy Smart // Jan 3, 2008 at 8:50 pm

    [...] of the first Energy COOLs focused on bike-sharing programs as Paris looked to enter the game with Vélib. Less than a year in, the judgment on Vélib:  [...]

  • 4 Bike to work … 15 May and every day // May 4, 2009 at 9:13 pm

    [...] It isn’t just the Danes who are bike-friendly. The Swiss have made some real strides forward in fostering a more bike-friendly environment [pdf], including integrating bicycle infrastructure into other transport options. After building an underground, 1600 spot bike lot beneath the train station, Basel, Switzerland, has seen a 60 percent increase in biking to the train station. In Switzerland, about 9 percent of commuting is by bike compared to .4% in the United States. (The US has 88 percent of people commuting by car as compared to 58 percent in Switzerland.) Biking is part of the national culture, now. Biking skills education for fourth and fifth graders is part of the compulsory educational program nationwide. Zurich, for example, has a 319-mile network of bike paths scheduled for completion this year, trains immigrants about bikes, provides bikes for government employees for work use, and has begun Züri Rollt, a version of free bicycle availability for use within the city. [...]

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